|Publication Type||Book Chapter|
|Book Title||International Encyclopedia of Human Geography|
|Keywords||geography, music, Soundscape|
The cultural turn in human geography presents an opportunity to open up a greater range of sensory awareness in geographical study that seeks to achieve the following: align or bring to prominence sound, smell, touch, and taste alongside the visual; and realize the importance of affect and emotion in shaping human behavior and the perception of space and place. People all around the globe are surrounded by sound. They create music that is shaped by their experience of the world and communicates aspects of their identity, networks, and their emotions to others. Sounds may be natural or synthetic. These sounds are experienced not only in the present but also through the dissemination of reproductions of sound. Geographers often consider the specificity and distinctiveness of sonic spaces but neglect the materiality of sound. Sound is mediated (physically and socioculturally). It also forms an immersive medium through which worlds are experienced. Geographers with an interest in sonic spaces may engage with a phenomenological approach, or they may critically consider the role of sound in the practice of politics and the making of political spaces. They may also consider affective, emotional, and performative responses to sonic events, practices, locations, and performances. The association between music and food, sound and sport, and the representation of music in visual arts all lead to a multisense cultural geography.